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1 / 9 Back to top Back to news headlines The world’s most enslaved countries – from Liberia to Zambia – have been declared the most slavery-ridden countries in the World Bank’s latest rankings, as it publishes its annual slave census in 2021.
In 2018, Liberia, Zambia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were the top five countries in terms of the percentage of the population enslaved.
Liberia had the highest proportion of people enslaved, at 51.4 per cent.
The country had a higher rate of slaves per head of population than any other country.
Zambia had a rate of 45.6 per cent, while the DRC had a 38.4-per-cent rate.
The other countries in Africa were: Tanzania, Congo, Mauritania, Guinea, Gabon, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Gabonese, Ivory Coast, Mali, Burkia Faso and Mauritania.
According to the World Economic Forum’s index, the DSC countries ranked first in terms to number of people in slavery, second in terms in terms with the number of slaves, third in terms for slaves per person, and fourth in terms as the proportion of their population enslaved by their slave states.
The DRC is Africa’s most populous country and one of its poorest.
“It’s a shocking fact that the DRA [DRC] is the only country in Africa that has a higher proportion of its population enslaved than other countries,” said the WEP’s director of human development, Alistair Campbell.
He added that the countries with the highest percentage of enslaved people are the majority in the country, as well as the region, with Liberia being the most affected.
A report published in 2016 by the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that the total number of African slaves in the DRE countries stood at 2.7 million, including 1.5 million in Liberia.
There are no reliable estimates of the number enslaved in Liberia, which has a population of just over 1.4 million.
At least 200,000 people have been killed in the conflict that erupted in 2014 when the DREL-1 militia seized control of the country.
About a third of the people currently enslaved in the region are children, the report said.
One of the most controversial countries is Somalia, which was declared a country of international protection on 1 July 2021 by the UN Security Council.
Although it was only one year ago, the UN had already designated the country as one of the worst in the African continent for the crimes of slavery and human trafficking, as the conflict continues to rage in the Central African Republic.
More: The report said that there are no good figures for the total population enslaved in Somalia, although estimates range from 1 million to 2.2 million.
“The number of enslaved in each of the three countries [Somalia, Ethiopia and Djibouti] is not yet available.
While estimates vary, the number is likely to be high in the two countries,” it added.
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